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查看:36     * 贴子主题:里院文化博物馆诉说中国锁的故事(上)

帅哥:日昇昌



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注册:2018-10-31
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Post By:2018/11/1 15:23:51
[img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094202%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E5%8F%A4%E9%94%81%E5%88%9D%E7%A7%B0%E7%89%A1%E3%80%81%E9%97%AD%E3%80%81%E3%80%81%E9%92%A5%E3%80%81%E9%93%BE%E3%80%81%E9%92%A4%E3%80%82%E6%97%A9%E6%9C%9F%E4%B8%BA%E7%AB%B9%E3%80%81%E6%9C%A8%E7%BB%93%E6%9E%84%EF%BC%8C%E8%B5%B7%E6%BA%90%E4%BA%8E%E9%97%A8%E9%97%A9%E3%80%82%E6%98%A5%E7%A7%8B%E6%88%98%E5%9B%BD%E8%87%B3%E9%B2%81%E7%8F%AD%E4%BA%8E%E6%9C%A8%E9%94%81%E5%86%85%E8%AE%BE%E5%A0%82%E5%A5%A5%E6%9C%BA%E5%85%B3%EF%BC%8C%E8%87%B3%E4%B8%9C%E6%B1%89%E5%88%B6%E9%87%91%E5%B1%9E%E7%B0%A7%E7%89%87%E7%BB%93%E6%9E%84%E9%94%81%EF%BC%88%E5%8F%88%E7%A7%B0%E6%B2%9F%E6%A7%BD%E9%94%81%EF%BC%89%E3%80%82%E5%85%A5%E5%94%90%E6%97%B6%E6%89%80%E4%B9%8B%E5%A4%9A%E4%B8%BA%E9%87%91%E3%80%81%E9%93%B6%E3%80%81%E9%93%9C%E3%80%81%E9%93%81%E3%80%81%E6%9C%A8%E3%80%82%E6%98%8E%E4%BB%A3%E9%81%82%E6%88%90%E4%B8%BA%E5%B9%BF%E9%94%81%E3%80%81%E8%8A%B1%E6%97%97%E9%94%81%E3%80%81%E9%A6%96%E9%A5%B0%E9%94%81%E3%80%81%E5%88%91%E5%85%B7%E9%94%81%E5%9B%9B%E5%A4%A7%E7%B1%BB%E3%80%82%E5%AE%9E%E9%99%85%E4%B8%8A%E8%BF%98%E6%9C%89%E4%B8%80%E7%B1%BB%E5%AF%86%E7%A0%81%E9%94%81%EF%BC%8C%E5%8F%AA%E6%98%AF%E4%B8%8D%E5%A4%AA%E5%B8%B8%E8%A7%81%E7%BD%A2%E4%BA%86%E3%80%82%E5%8E%86%E7%BB%8F%E6%B8%85%E4%BB%A3%E3%80%81%E6%B0%91%E5%9B%BD%E5%88%B0%E4%B8%8A%E4%B8%96%E7%BA%AA%E4%BA%94%E5%8D%81%E5%B9%B4%E4%BB%A3%E3%80%82.png[/img]中国古锁初称牡、闭、、钥、链、钤。早期为竹、木结构,起源于门闩。春秋战国至鲁班于木锁内设堂奥机关,至东汉制金属簧片结构锁(又称沟槽锁)。入唐时所之多为金、银、铜、铁、木。明代遂成为广锁、花旗锁、首饰锁、刑具锁四大类。实际上还有一类密码锁,只是不太常见罢了。历经清代、民国到上世纪五十年代。
[img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094323.png[/img]我馆收藏的雕花刻字如:状元及第、长命富贵、麒麟送子、龙凤呈祥等。只有古代富贵人家才能拥有,此类展品也是我馆收藏的其中点滴。古锁工艺精致奥妙、文化内涵丰富。
[img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094341%E9%9B%95%E8%8A%B1%E5%88%BB%E5%AD%97%E5%A6%82%EF%BC%9A%E7%8A%B6%E5%85%83%E5%8F%8A%E7%AC%AC%E3%80%81%E9%95%BF%E5%91%BD%E5%AF%8C%E8%B4%B5%E3%80%81%E9%BA%92%E9%BA%9F%E9%80%81%E5%AD%90%E3%80%81%E9%BE%99%E5%87%A4%E5%91%88%E7%A5%A5%E7%AD%89%E3%80%82%E5%8F%AA%E6%9C%89%E5%8F%A4%E4%BB%A3%E5%AF%8C%E8%B4%B5%E4%BA%BA%E5%AE%B6%E6%89%8D%E8%83%BD%E6%8B%A5%E6%9C%89%EF%BC%8C%E6%AD%A4%E7%B1%BB%E5%B1%95%E5%93%81%E4%B9%9F%E6%98%AF%E6%88%91%E9%A6%86%E6%94%B6%E8%97%8F%E7%9A%84%E5%85%B6%E4%B8%AD%E7%82%B9%E6%BB%B4%E3%80%82%E5%8F%A4%E9%94%81%E5%B7%A5%E8%89%BA%E7%B2%BE%E8%87%B4%E5%A5%A5%E5%A6%99%E3%80%81%E6%96%87%E5%8C%96%E5%86%85%E6%B6%B5%E4%B8%B0%E5%AF%8C%E3%80%82.png[/img]这些古锁,虽长短不一,大小不等,外形大同小异,其奥妙之外,在于钥匙孔的开槽上,可谓五花八门,稀奇古怪。钥匙孔的形状,分别为 “一”、“上”、“工”、 “古、” “尚、”“吉”、“喜”、“寿”等字。这些钥匙孔,还是古代社会森严的等级制度的反映哩!黎庶百姓只能用“一”字孔锁,士大夫用“士”、“吉”字孔锁,寿诞喜庆,用“寿”、“喜”字孔锁,将相帝王则另有区别。这一堆堆的锁诉说这中华几千年的文明史。
[img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094356.png[/img]古锁具是承载民俗文化的瑰宝,反映出当时的工艺技术、社会文化和经济发展,然而鲜有文献着述。历代以来,锁具的制作,皆由地位卑微的锁匠为之,虽然不乏巧工与奇品,但几乎都名不见经传。存世精品实物中,可见“黄五胜”、“正五胜”、“玖胜”、“李怡兴”、“全兴”等制锁匠名号,其中也只有“全兴”能在《湖北通志》中找到,字号“周全兴”,为湖北天门岳口熟铜巧锁之工匠。余皆谜“锁”心间,成了“心锁”。
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[img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094552%E4%B8%8A%E5%9B%BE%E4%B8%BA%E6%88%91%E9%A6%86%E6%94%B6%E8%97%8F%E7%9A%84%E8%BF%B7%E5%AE%AB%E9%94%81%E4%B9%8B%E4%B8%80%EF%BC%8C%E8%BF%99%E7%A7%8D%E9%94%81%E6%9C%89%E4%B8%AA%E7%89%B9%E7%82%B9%EF%BC%8C%E5%93%AA%E6%80%95%E6%98%AF%E7%BB%99%E4%BD%A0%E9%92%A5%E5%8C%99%EF%BC%8C%E8%AE%A9%E4%BD%A0%E5%BC%80%E4%B8%AA%E6%8A%8A%E5%B0%8F%E6%97%B6%EF%BC%8C%E5%A6%82%E6%9E%9C%E6%B2%A1%E6%9C%89%E6%87%82%E5%BE%97%E6%9C%BA%E5%85%B3%E7%9A%84%E4%BA%BA%E6%8C%87%E7%82%B9%EF%BC%8C%E4%BD%A0%E4%B9%9F%E5%BC%80%E4%B8%8D%E5%BC%80%EF%BC%8C%E5%85%85%E5%88%86%E5%8F%8D%E5%BA%94%E4%BA%86%E6%88%91%E5%9B%BD%E5%8F%A4%E4%BB%A3%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E7%9A%84%E6%99%BA%E6%85%A7%E4%B8%8E%E4%BC%A0%E6%89%BF%E3%80%82.png[/img][img]/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/%E5%BE%AE%E4%BF%A1%E6%88%AA%E5%9B%BE_20181101094827.png[/img]
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